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Sony KV (AA-2)

SuntharAbout 6 minCRT RGB mod

Sony AA-2 chassis CRT RGB mod

If you're looking to get the most out of your Sony Trinitron, you may want to consider modding it for RGB output. This guide will show you how to do just that.

Below mod was performed on a Sony KV-27S22. The biggest difference between KV-27S22 (AA-2) and KV-27V20 (AA-2D), is there were extra boards on V20. Sony KV-27S22 was also lacking S-Video input. Below instructions should also work for the below models.

Sony KV-35V35 has some slight differences on where you should connect your sync and audio, since it uses a daughter board. See here for the AA-2 35" RGB mod tutorial.

Sony KV-27S22 img

CRT safety


You can die doing this! So read carefully! CRT TV is not a toy. Do not open a CRT TV. If you don't have any prior knowledge about handling high voltage devices, this guide is not for you. CRT TV contains high enough voltage (20,000+ V) and current to be deadly, even when it is turned off.


Plan of attack



Sometimes it is nice to know the theory behind the mod. I have put this on a separate page. This shows how the various resistor values are calculated.


Service manuals


Sony KV-27S22

  • Manufactured: December 1997, Mexico
  • NTSC, 60 Hz - 160W
  • Chassis: AA-2
  • Tube: A68KZJ50X (SDP Made in USA)
  • Jungle Chip: CXA2025AS (IC351)
  • OSD Chip: CXP8564D-004S

Getting into the service menu

  • Turn the set on and then put into standby
  • Press the Display, 5, VOL + buttons in sequence
  • Turn on the CRT and you should be in service mode
  • Use buttons "1" and "4" on the remote control to navigate the service menu
  • Use buttons "3" and "6" to adjust the selected data

Enabling second video input

This step is necessary if you want to do an S-Video mod, or use luma for RGB sync.

ID-1 in the Service Menu configures the audio/video input/output configuration.

We can see from the Sony ID codes document, ID-1 is 1 for KV-27S22 and 21 for KV-27S26. So I tried changing from 1 to 21. Voila! Video-2 input was now enabled.

Manufacturers of TV sets often choose to utilize ID based configuration bits for enabling or disabling specific inputs and outputs. This is due to the cost-effective nature of software-based feature management. In the case of Sony sets, typically ID-1 is used for this purpose.

Failed scenarios

  • Tried setting ID-1 to 25 didn't enable Video 2. Likely because the CRT I had was a Canadian version. Setting ID-1 to 21 worked.

13" KV-13M42 has mono sound and a single AV input. However, a second video input can be enabled in the service menu by changing the value of ID-1 to 3open in new window

S-Video mod

The Sony KV-27S22 was not originally equipped with an S-Video connector, so the initial task is to establish functionality for this input. Incorporating an S-Video input is always desirable and fortunately, the process of adding one to this particular model is relatively straightforward, as long as one has access to clear instructions on how to proceed.

If you want to use luma for sync, this step is necessary for this particular set. For sets that already have an S-Video input, you can just feed the sync signal to luma input directly.

Adding S-Video

In order to activate S-Video on the KV-27S22, I had to add several components. There are two options: populate the existing traces with the missing components, or fill in the missing components and connect them directly to the IC1261 AV Switch.

If you choose the latter method, you would then supply:

  • Luma to Video 1 Y (pin 3)
  • Chroma to Video 1 C (pin 5)
  • Ground switch to Y/C SW1 (pin 6)

WhenY/C SW1is grounded through a 4.7kohm resistor, S-Video is enabled.


If you want to preserve the composite input (on Video 1), then routing this through a switch is essential. You can also connect the sync signal for RGB to S-Video luma. This way there is minimal shift.

Below diagram shows how the female S-Video connector should be wired. The S-Video connector I used doesn't have a detect pin. Essentially detect pin gets grounded when an S-Video cable is inserted. This signals the AV switch to enable Y/C inputs instead of the Video 1 input. img

Often times it is confusing which pin is Chroma and Luma. See below picture for details. img

Below picture shows how S-Video chroma and luma are connected on the solder side of the chassis. There are several options here on how you can connect both the chroma and luma to the A/V switch. You can populate some or all of the components on the chassis itself. I chose to do a hybrid. Pictures below explain it. img

Below pictures demonstrate how to put the S-Video mod plan in action. I shorted one of the pins. Added a 100ohm resistor to the other as I was able to source one. img

0.1uF ceramic cap was used on the luma input line img

Convenient via on the chassis was available to attach the chroma signal. It goes through a 0.01uF ceramic capacitor and a resistor before reaching the AV switch. img

While all of this may seem confusing, my actions simply involve finalizing the S-Video circuit that was previously described.

By feeding only the Luma signal, a flawless monochrome image is displayed. This is one way to confirm part of your S-Video circuitry is working. Enabling RGB input only requires modifying the CRT to accept the Luma input. Chroma circuitry is only necessary if you intend to utilize an S-Video input. img

The outcome is highly satisfying, as S-Video delivers a considerably impressive image quality. img

Please take note that a few of the images presented earlier were captured prior to making adjustments to the sharpness and convergence of the CRT, which might have resulted in some blurring. But, at this point we have confirmed the S-Video mod is working as intended.

Failed scenarios

  • Connected the Chroma and Luma in reverse order. Got a black and white picture that was out of sync

RGB mod

RGB modding is the most exciting part of the mod. Below you will find instructions on how to do this on a AA-2 chassis. These instructions should also work for AA-2D chassis as well.

RGB mux diagram

If you are building your own circuit, this diagram should help. The diagram is for KV-27S22, it will also work for other AA-2 chassis based Sony CRTs. This diagram is very similar to AA-2D chassis.


Step 1: Remove the following components

Remove the following resistors

  • R1123
  • R1128
  • R133

Inject R, G, B at the below locations

  • R1123 (Red)
  • R1128 (Green)
  • R133 (Blue)

Below picture shows the resistors that were removed and where we are going to connect the R, G, B and blanking wires. img

Step 2: Add a diode to blanking

Blanking diode added. Helps reduce interference. This mod was performed without shielded cables internally and absolutely no interference was noticed.


Step 3: Connect RGB and blanking wires

  • Blanking = brown wire


Step 4: Connect audio and sync wires

  • Ground = Purple/Black wires
  • Yellow = Sync
  • White = Left Audio
  • Grey = Right Audio


Step 5: Build your mux circuit

Below mod uses the RGB mux board. This is optional, but will make your mod easier and stable. You can also create the circuit presented in the schematics above without the board.

Buy your RGB mux board

TV ModelKV-27V20KV-27S22
Audio LR (R7, R8)1kΩ1kΩ
RGB termination (R1, R2, R3)75Ω75Ω
RGB inline resistors (R4, R5, R6)330Ω330Ω
Diode (R9)1N41481N4148
Blanking Resistor (R11)1kΩ1kΩ
Blanking Ground Resistor (R10) optionalopen6.8kΩ
Add diodes to RGB linesNoNo

It is important to note that the blanking ground resistor (R10) is necessary to prevent strange black backgrounds from appearing on the KV-27S22 OSD text.

Step 6: Attach the female SCART connector to TV

Creating a SCART cutout and mounting it is an art. I have a dedicated section for it. How to create and mount a SCART female plug?






Purity problem fixed

This CRT suffered from slight purity issues, which was fixed with magnets. Read more about how it was solved here.



RGB mux mod

You can see the OSD above an RGB image img














Grid img

Convergence img


Monoscope img

Chassis and Tube

Tube label img

Yoke assembly img

Main chassis - solder side img

Front buttons img

Back closed img

Neck board img

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